How To Measure Emotional Intelligence
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Recent research suggests that there are five main factors that make up emotional intelligence (EI). These include understanding emotions, using emotions to facilitate relationships and interactions, controlling one’s own emotions, responding effectively to other people’s emotions, and demonstrating empathy or awareness of someone else’s feelings.
Many employers now require employees to take an EQ test as part of their employment application process. This is because it can help determine whether or not you will be a good fit for the workplace and company.
It has become clear that having high EI isn’t simply about being nice to others, it goes beyond that. Being able to understand your own emotions and those of others makes you more productive at work. You feel happier and less stressed out.
This article will talk you through the different types of emotional quotient (or EQ) tests, what each measures, and how these tests relate to success in the workplace.
The Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test
The most well-known way to measure emotional intelligence (EI) is with the Mayer, Salovey and Caruso Emotional Quotient test or MSCEQ for short. This test was first published in 2002 and has been revised several times since then. It was developed by Daniel J. Mayer, Peter M. Salovey, and Robert D. Caruso III and takes around an hour to complete.
The MSCEQ assesses four key qualities of EI – understanding emotions, using emotion to understand situations, controlling one’s own emotions, and handling relationships effectively.
You cannot take this test unless you have completed at least high school, so it should be done before college or career. However, this isn’t very practical because many adults don’t feel comfortable taking a standardized test. Therefore, there are some alternatives that people use instead.
There are also various self-report questionnaires that can be used to determine your EQ but they must be validated against the MSCEA. Some of these include the VIA questionnaire, the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, and the MCMI.
The Goldman Emotional Intelligence Test
One of the most popular measures of emotional intelligence (EI) is the one developed by Daniel Goleman, an organizational psychologist. He coined the term “emotional literacy” to describe this type of EI. This test was first published in his best-selling book, _Emotional Intelligence_, which has now sold over 10 million copies worldwide.
In his research, Dr. Goleman found that people who were able to identify their emotions and use them effectively for thinking and acting were better at solving problems and achieving goals than those who were not.
He also determined that there are three main domains of EQ – understanding other people, identifying your own feelings, and controlling or changing how you feel about things.
However, he did note that some researchers questioned whether all three areas should be considered as separate factors of EQ rather than just two. Others argued that only the second domain — being aware of your own feelings — should be included because it is already part of what we usually consider to be self-awareness.
Regardless, today these types of tests are used around the world to help employers determine if someone has adequate levels of EQ. They are also very helpful for professionals seeking career development or even to find new jobs.
The Hogan Emotional Intelligence Test
The most well-known way to measure emotional intelligence (EI) is through tests like the one developed by Daniel Goleman in his book “Emotional Intelligence.” These test batteries have you read short passages or questions and assess your ability to identify, describe, evaluate, and regulate emotions in yourself and others.
The best known of these tests is called the Mayer–Johnson Reading Comprehension Technique which was first published in 1995. It has been revised several times since then, and there are now many different versions of it.
You can take this test via a website for free, but unfortunately it does not include the more difficult questions that make up the true EI score. There is also a fee if you want to get an actual result. People who pay for a version do however receive a full report with their scores.
The EQ Test
A widely used tool to assess emotional intelligence is called the “Emotional Quotient (EQ) test”. This test was created by psychologist Peter Salovey in 1990 while he was at Yale University. Since then, it has been adapted for use with all age groups and cultures across the globe.
The EQ test consists of 10 questions – five related to empathy, and five related to control. Each question is scored from one to 5, with one being low and five being high. You are given three minutes to take the test, and you can score yourself as quickly or as slowly as you want.
Some people may find that there are some gaps in content between sections, so what matters most is whether you can recognize your own emotions and those of others. Some might feel like some of the questions are not clear, but overall this test really gets into depth about how well you understand other people and their emotions.
The TIE Test
One of the most popular measures for emotional intelligence (EI) is the Teeseling EI Test, or as it’s more commonly known, the “Tie-A-Dowel-Around-Your-Waist” test. This test was developed in 1995 by psychologist Peter M. Teresi and psychotherapist Beatrice G. Teyler.
The Tie-a-dowel test has three parts. Part one asks about how you would respond to someone who just said goodbye. Here, you are asked to describe what you think this person will miss about you and then suggest some ways to help him/her get through this separation.
Part two asks about someone else that person frequently conflicts with. You are asked to describe these people and determine whether they have social skills. You may also be asked to describe potential consequences of conflict and if there are any good strategies for resolving disagreements.
In part three, you read a description of a situation accompanied by a question, and you must assess whether the described behavior is appropriate under the circumstances.
The EQ Test for Parents
One of the most common ways to assess emotional intelligence is via what are known as ‘self-report’ tests. These ask you to evaluate yourself or describe yourself in a way that focuses on how you feel about certain things, and whether your feelings are in control, or if they are influenced by external factors.
The test usually consists of questions like: “I would probably have made a good leader, because I always strive to lead others”, or “My friends think I am too serious sometimes”. You must answer either yes or no to determine your score, and your overall EI level.
However, there are some issues with this type of testing. First, people can be very self-critical – even harshly so. For example, someone who has never been given a leadership position may say that they would make a good leader due to the fact that they want to help other people. This person could also say that they are not very friendly, which would make them seem less likely to take charge of a group or set up meetings.
Second, it can be tricky to differentiate between when something is under your control and when it isn't. For instance, if you believe that you are not very organized then you might respond to a question about being able to organize easily by saying 'no'.
The EQ Test for Teachers
Many believe that emotional intelligence (or EQ as it is commonly known) can have significant impacts on workplace success. While there are some theories about what makes up your EQ, no standardized test exists to measure it.
That’s why several companies have designed their own tests to see if you have high levels of EQ. Some of these tests are entirely self-reported questionnaires that ask you to describe yourself and then evaluate yourself against someone who has higher or lower than average EQ.
Other tests require participants to perform situations that are similar in nature but vary slightly in content to assess how they would respond to different people and things. These variations in situation sometimes include hypothetical scenarios like “What would you do if your best friend told you that her family was going away for good?”
Some tests even go as far as giving you a topic and asking you questions related to it! “Would you let your partner know they hurt you?,” is one example of an exam given by the Journal of Social Psychology.
Overall, the reason most of these exams exist is to determine whether you are more likely to succeed in the job market, or potentially find new jobs due to having higher EQ. There are also some studies that show that individuals with higher EQ earn more money than others, making them attractive candidates for employers.
The EQ Test for Students
One of the most popular measures of emotional intelligence is called the Mayer-Pfeiffer test, which was created in 2004 to evaluate students’ empathy. This test has two parts that require separate administrations.
Part one requires you to read a short story about a conversation between a person with high emotional intelligence and a person who lacks it. You are then asked to choose whether the individual with higher emotional intelligence or the individual without it would win the argument, and why.
This test seems very simple at first, but there is an underlying concept that many people may not understand. When you take this test, make sure you understand what element of emotional intelligence each part probes for.
If you struggle during these tests, do not worry! Most individuals fail them at least once as they cannot relate to emotion. Many people can tell when someone else is feeling something, but themselves cannot.
That is okay though! It does not mean that you have low emotional intelligence, it just means that you are more aware of others’ emotions.